chem960化工网

安全信息标识说明

危险性说明
HAZARD STATEMENTS
危险性说明

有72个单独的和17合并的危险说明
There are 72 individual and 17 combined Hazard statements

物理危害 Physical hazards

H200 Unstable explosives 不稳定爆炸品。
H201 Explosive; mass explosion hazard 爆炸品;大规模爆炸危险。
H202 Explosive, severe projection hazard 爆炸品;严重喷射危险。
H203 Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard 爆炸品;火灾、爆炸或喷射危险。
H204 Fire or projection hazard 火灾或喷射危险。
H205 May mass explode in fire 火中可能会造成大规模爆炸。
H220 Extremely flammable gas 极易燃气体。
H221 Flammable gas 易燃气体。
H222 Extremely flammable aerosol 极易燃气雾剂
H223 Flammable aerosol 易燃气雾剂
H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapour 极端易燃液体和蒸气
H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour 高度易燃液体和蒸气
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour 易燃液体和蒸气
H227 Combustible liquid 可燃液体
H228 Flammable solid 易燃固体
H240 Heating may cause an explosion 加热可能会引起爆炸
H241 Heating may cause a fire or explosion 加热可能会引起火灾或爆炸
H242 Heating may cause a fire 加热可能会引起火灾
H250 Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air 暴露于空气自发着火
H251 Self-heating: may catch fire 自我放热:可能着火
H252 Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire 自我释放大量的热;可能着火。
H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously 与水接触时释放可燃气体,可自燃。
H261 In contact with water releases flammable gas 与水接触时释放可燃气体。
H270 May cause or intensify fire; oxidizer 可能导致或加剧燃烧;氧化剂。
H271 May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer 可能会引起火宅或爆炸;强氧化剂。
H272 May intensify fire; oxidizer 可能加剧火势;氧化剂。
H280 Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated 内含高压气体,遇热可能爆炸。
H281 Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury 内含冷冻气体,可能导致低温灼伤或损伤。
H290 May be corrosive to metals 可能腐蚀金属。

环境危害 Environmental Hazards

H400 Verytoxictoaquaticlife 对水生生物毒性非常大。
H401 Toxictoaquaticlife 对水生生物有毒。
H402 Harmfultoaquaticlife 对水生生物有害。
H410 Verytoxictoaquaticlifewithlonglastingeffects 对水生生物毒性非常大并具有长期影响。
H411 Toxictoaquaticlifewithlonglastingeffects 对水生生物有毒性并具有长期影响。
H412 Harmfutoaquaticlifewithlonglastingeffects 对水生生物有害并具有长期影响。
H413 Maycauselonglastingharmfuleffectstoaquaticlife 可能对水生生物造成长期持续有害影响。
H420 Harmspublichealthandtheenvironmentbydestroyingozoneintheupperatmospere 通过破坏上层大气臭氧层而危害公众健康和环境。

欧盟危险说明 European Union Hazard Statements

EUH001 Explosive when dry. 干燥时爆炸。
EUH006 Explosive with or without contact with air. 接触或不接触空气爆炸
EUH014 Reacts violently with water. 与水剧烈反应。
EUH018 In use may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture. 在使用中可能会形成易燃/易爆蒸汽-空气混合物。
EUH018a In use may form explosive vapour-air mixture. 在使用中可能会形成爆炸性的蒸气-空气混合物。
EUH018b In use may form flammable vapour-air mixture. 在使用中可能会形成易燃蒸气-空气混合物。
EUH019 May form explosive peroxides. 可形成爆炸性过氧化物。
EUH029 Contact with water liberates toxic gas. 与水接触释放有毒气体。
EUH030 Can become highly flammable in use. 在使用过程中可以变得高度易燃。
EUH031 Contact with acids liberates toxic gas. 与酸接触释放有毒气体。
EUH032 Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas. 与酸接触释放剧毒气体。
EUH044 Risk of explosion if heated under confinement. 在封闭条件下加热有爆炸的危险。
EUH059 Hazardous to the ozone layer. 对臭氧层的危害。
EUH066 Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking. 反复接触可能引起皮肤干燥或龟裂。
EUH070 Toxic by eye contact. 眼睛接触有毒。
EUH071 Corrosive to the respiratory tract. 对呼吸道有腐蚀性。
EUH201 Contains lead. Should not be used on surfaces liable to be chewed or sucked by children. Warning! Contains lead. 含铅。表面不应使用,易于被儿童咀嚼或吮吸。警告!含铅。
EUH201A Warning! Contains lead. 警告!含铅。
EUH202 Cyanoacrylate. Danger. Bonds skin and eyes in seconds. Keep out of the reach of children. 瞬干胶。危险。几秒钟内粘合皮肤和眼睛。请将此药品放在儿童拿不到的地方。
EUH203 Contains chromium (VI). May produce an allergic reaction. 含铬(VI)。可能会产生过敏反应。
EUH204 Contains isocyanates. See information supplied by the manufacturer. 含异氰酸盐。参考制造商提供的信息。
EUH205 Contains epoxy constituents. See information supplied by the manufacturer. 含环氧树脂成分。参考制造商提供的信息。
EUH206 Warning! Do not use together with other products. May release dangerous gases (chlorine) . 警告!不要与其他产品一起使用。可能释放出有害气体(氯气)。
EUH207 Warning! Contains cadmium. Dangerous fumes are formed during use. See information supplied by the manufacturer. Comply with the safety instructions. 警告!含有镉。在使用过程中形成的危险烟气。由制造商提供的信息。遵守安全指示。
EUH207-EG Warning! Contains cadmium. Dangerous fumes are formed during use. See information supplied by the manufacturer. Comply with the safety instructions. 警告!含有镉。在使用过程中形成的危险烟气。由制造商提供的信息。遵守安全指示。
EUH208 Contains (name of sensitising substance). May produce an allergic reaction. 含(致敏物质的名称)。可能会产生过敏反应。
EUH208-EG Contains (name of sensitising substance). May produce an allergic reaction. 含(致敏物质的名称)。可能会产生过敏反应。
EUH209 Can become highly flammable in use. 可以在使用中变得高度易燃。
EUH209a Can become highly flammable in use. 可以在使用中变得高度易燃。
EUH209b Can become flammable in use. 可以在使用中变得易燃。
EUH209A Can become flammable in use. 可以在使用中变得易燃。
EUH210 Safety data sheet available on request. 提供安全数据表要求。
EUH401 To avoid risks to human health and the environment, comply with the instructions for use. 为了避免对人类健康和环境的风险,遵守使用说明。
防范说明
PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS

有116个单独的和33合并的警示性声明
There are 116 individual and 33 combined Precautionary statements

防范说明——普通 Precautionary statements – General

P101 If medical advice is needed,have product container or label at hand. 如果你想要医药方面的建议,记得随手带上药瓶和标签
P102 Keep out of reach of children. 请将此药品放在儿童不能接触的地方。
P103 Read label before use. 使用前阅读标签

防范说明—预防 Precautionary statements – Prevention

P201 Obtain special instructions before use. 使用前获取专门指示。
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. 已阅读并理解所有的安全预防措施之前,切勿操作。
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking. 远离热源/火花/明火/热的表面。——禁止吸烟。
P211 Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.  不要喷洒在明火或其他点火源。
P220 Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials. 保持远离/贮存远离服装/....../可燃材料。
P221 Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/… 采取一切防范措施,避免与可燃物混合/...
P222 Do not allow contact with air. 不要与空气接触。
P223 Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire. 远离任何与水接触的可能,因为会剧烈反应可能产生闪火。
P230 Keep wetted with … 保持湿润
P231 Handle under inert gas. 在惰性气体中操作。
P232 Protect from moisture. 防止受潮。
P233 Keep container tightly closed.  保持容器密闭。
P234 Keep only in original container. 只保留在原来的容器中。
P235 Keep cool. 保持凉爽。
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. 与地面接触/连接集装箱和接受设备。
P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment. 使用防爆电气/通风/照明/ .../设备。
P242 Use only non-sparking tools. 只能使用无火花工具。
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge. 采取预防措施,防止静电放电。
P244 Keep reduction valves free from grease and oil.  保持减压阀无油,无油脂。
P250 Do not subject to grinding/shock/…/friction. 不要受研磨/冲击/....../摩擦。
P251 Pressurized container: Do not pierce or burn, even after use. 压力容器:不要刺破或焚烧,即使在使用后。
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. 不要吸入粉尘/烟/气体/烟雾/蒸汽/喷雾。
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. 避免吸入粉尘/烟/气体/烟雾/蒸汽/喷雾。
P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. 不要接触眼睛,皮肤或衣服。
P263 Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing. 怀孕/哺乳期间避免接触。
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling. 处理后要彻底洗净双手。
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling. 处理要彻底洗净皮肤。
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. 使用本产品时不要吃东西,喝水或吸烟。
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.  只能在室外或通风良好的地方使用。
P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. 污染的工作服不得带出工作场所。
P273 Avoid release to the environment. 避免释放到环境中。
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. 戴防护手套/防护服/眼睛的保护物/面部保护物。
P281 Use personal protective equipment as required. 使用所需的个人防护装备。
P282 Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection. 戴防寒手套/面罩/眼睛保护装备。
P283 Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing. 穿防火/阻燃/耐阻燃服。
P284 Wear respiratory protection.  佩戴呼吸保护装置。
P285 In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. 在通风不足的情况下,戴呼吸防护。
P231+P232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture. 在惰性气体中。防止受潮。
P235+P410 Keep cool. Protect from sunlight. 保持冷静。避免阳光直射。

防范说明——反应 Precautionary statements - Response

P301 IF SWALLOWED: 如果吞下去
P304 IF INHALED: 如果吸入
P305 IF IN EYES: 如果进入眼睛
P306 IF ON CLOTHING: 如果在衣服上
P307 IF exposed: 如果接触
P308 IF exposed or concerned: 如果接触或涉及
P309 IF exposed or if you feel unwell: 如果接触或如果感到不适
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. 立即呼救解毒中心或医生/医师。
P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. 呼叫解毒中心或医生/医师。
P312 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. 如果你感觉不适,呼叫解毒中心或医生/医师。
P313 Get medical advice/attention. 获取医疗咨询/就医
P314 Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. 获取医疗咨询/就医,如果你觉得不舒服
P315 Get immediate medical advice/attention. 获取医疗咨询/就医
P320 Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label). 紧急具体治疗(见本标签上的)。
P321 Specific treatment (see … on this label). 具体治疗(见本标签上的)。
P322 Specific measures (see …on this label). 具体治疗(见本标签上的)。
P330 Rinse mouth. 漱口
P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.. 不要催吐。
P332 IF SKIN irritation occurs: 如果发生皮肤刺激:
P333 If skin irritation or rash occurs: 如果发生皮肤刺激或皮疹:
P334 Immerse in cool water/wrap n wet bandages. 浸入冷水中/湿绷带包裹。
P335 Brush off loose particles from skin. 刷掉皮肤松散颗粒。
P336 Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do not rub affected area. 解冻冻住的部位,用温水洗净。不要擦患处。
P337 If eye irritation persists: 如果眼睛刺激持续
P338 Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. 如果戴隐形眼睛并容易摘掉的话,取出隐形眼镜,继续冲洗。
P340 Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. 将患者转移到空气清新,并保持在一个适合呼吸的姿势休息。
P341 If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. 如果出现呼吸困难,将患者转移到空气清新,并保持在一个适合呼吸的姿势休息。
P342 If experiencing respiratory symptoms: 如果出现呼吸症状:
P350 Gently wash with plenty of soap and water. 轻轻地用大量肥皂和水
P351 Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. 小心地用水冲洗几分钟。
P352 Wash with plenty of soap and water. 用大量肥皂和水清洗。
P353 Rinse skin with water/shower. 水洗/淋浴冲洗皮肤
P360 Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes. 立即冲洗污染的衣着,用大量水冲洗皮肤,然后脱掉衣服。
P361 Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. 立即去除/脱掉所有被污染的衣服。
P362 Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. 脱掉污染的衣服,清洗后方可重新使用
P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. 被污染的衣服洗净后方可重新使用。
P370 In case of fire: 在发生火灾的情况下:
P371 In case of major fire and large quantities: 在重大火灾和大量的情况下:
P372 Explosion risk in case of fire. 在火中有灾爆炸的危险。
P373 DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives. 火烧到爆炸物时,切勿救火。
P374 Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance. 在合适的距离采取正常安全预防措施灭火。
P376 Stop leak if safe to do so. Oxidising gases (section 2.4) 1 如果安全的话使泄露停止。氧化性气体。
P377 Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely. 漏气着火:切勿灭火,除非漏气能够被安全地制止。
P378 Use … for extinction. 使用...灭火。
P380 Evacuate area. 疏散该地区。
P381 Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so. 如果安全的话,消除所有点火源。
P390 Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. 吸收溢出物,防止重大损害。
P391 Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment 收集对水环境有危害的泄漏物。
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. 如果食入:立即呼叫中毒控制中心或医生/医师。
P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician IF you feel unwell. 如果吞下去了:如果你觉得不适,呼叫解毒中心或医生/医师。
P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. 如果吞咽:漱口。不要催吐。
P302+P334 IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages. 如果皮肤沾染:浸入冷水中/用湿绷带包扎
P302+P350 IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water. 如果在皮肤上:轻轻地用大量肥皂和水清洗
P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water. 如皮肤接触:用大量肥皂和水清洗。
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower. 如果沾上皮肤(或头发):删除/立即脱掉所有被污染的衣服。清洗/淋浴冲洗皮肤。
P304+P312 IF INHALED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. 如果吸入:如果你感觉不适,呼叫解毒中心或医生/医师。
P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. 如果吸入:转移到空气新鲜处,休息,保持一个适合呼吸的姿势。
P304+P341 IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. 如果吸入:如呼吸困难,将受害人转移到空气新鲜处,保持一个适合呼吸的姿势休息。
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. 如接触到眼睛小心地用水冲洗眼睛数分钟
P306+P360 IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse Immediately contaminated CLOTHING and SKIN with plenty of water before removing clothes. 如果沾在衣服上:立即将被污染的衣服和皮肤用大量的水冲洗,然后脱掉衣服。
P307+P311 IF exposed: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. 如果接触:呼叫解毒中心或医生/医师。
P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. 如接触到或有疑虑:求医/就诊。
P309+P311 IF exposed or if you feel unwell: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. 如果接触或感到不适:呼叫解毒中心或医生/医师。
P332+P313 IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. 如果发生皮肤刺激:获取医疗咨询/就医。
P333+P313 IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. 如果发生皮肤刺激或皮疹:获取医疗咨询/就医。
P335+P334 Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages. 刷掉皮肤松散颗粒。浸入冷水中/用湿绷带包扎
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. 如果眼睛刺激持续:获取医疗咨询/就医。
P342+P311 IF experiencing respiratory symptoms: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. 如果出现呼吸道症状:呼叫解毒中心或医生/医师。
P370+P376 in case of fire: Stop leak if safe to Do so. 如果发生火灾,在安全的情况下阻止泄漏。
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction. 如果发生火灾:使用...灭火。
P370+P380 in case of fire: Evacuate area. 在发生火灾时:撤离现场。
P370+P380+P375 in case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. 在发生火灾时:撤离现场。远距离救火,因为有发生爆炸的危险。
P371+P380+P375 in case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. 在有重大火灾和数量较多的情况下;撤离现场考虑到有爆炸的危险,应远距离救火。

防范说明——存储 Precautionary statements — Storage

P401 Store… 存储
P402 Store in a dry place. 存放在干燥的地方。
P403 Store in a well-ventilated place. 存放在通风良好的地方。
P404 Store in a closed container. 贮存于密闭容器中。
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. 小心地用水冲洗几分钟。如果佩戴隐形眼镜并容易取出的话,取出隐形眼镜。继续冲洗。
P405 Store locked up. 上锁保管。
P406 Store in corrosive resistant/… container with a resistant inner liner. 存放在耐腐蚀/具有耐性的内衬容器。
P407 Maintain air gap between stacks/pallets. 在堆叠/货板间保持气隙。
P410 Protect from sunlight. 防止阳光照射。
P411 Store at temperatures not exceeding … oC/…oF. 储存在温度不超过…oC /…oF。
P412 Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 oC/ 122 oF. 不要暴露在超过50 oC / 122 oF的温度。
P413 Store bulk masses greater than … kg/…lbs at temperatures not exceeding … oC/…oF. 商店散装超过…kg/…lbs 时温度不应超过…oC/…oF.
P420 Store away from other materials. 远离其他材料存放。
P422 Store contents under… 存储目录在…之下。
P402+P404 Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container. 存放在干燥的地方。贮存于密闭容器中。
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed. 存放在通风良好的地方。保持容器密闭。
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool. 存放在通风良好的地方。保持凉爽。
P410+P403 Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place. 避免阳光直射。存放在通风良好的地方。
P410+P412 Protect from sunlight. Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 oC/122oF. 避免阳光直射。不要暴露在超过50 oC/122oF的温度。
P411+P235 Store at temperatures not exceeding … oC/…oF. Keep cool 储存温度不超过… oC/…oF.保持凉爽。

防范说明——处理 Precautionary statements — Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to..… 处理内容物/容器.....
P502 Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling 回收/循环再生产的信息,请参阅制造商/供应商
水危害等级
Water Hazard Class (WGK)

德国水危害等级(wgk)有时也称为德国水危害等级(wgk)。这通常包含在SDS的第15节中。德国联邦水法要求处理对水有害物质的设施必须以保护水体免受污染的方式建造和运行。为此,必须确定、传达和记录物质或混合物的水危害等级(WGK)。
根据2017年4月18日的《处理对水有害物质的设施条例》(Verordnung_ber anlagen zum umgang mit wassergef_hrdendenden stoffen(AWSV))进行分类。有三种水危害等级(wgk):
German Water Hazard Class (WGK) sometimes is also called German Water Endangerment Class (WGK). This is often included in the section 15 of SDSs. German's Federal Water Act requires that facilities handling substances that are hazardous to waters must be built and operated in a way that water bodies are protected from pollutions. To this end, the Water Hazard Class (WGK) of a substance or mixture has to be determined, communicated and documented.
Classification is carried out on the basis of the Ordinance on facilities for handling substances that are hazardous to water (Verordnung über Anlagen zum Umgang mit wassergefährdenden Stoffen (AwSV)) of 18 April 2017. There are three water hazard classes (WGK):

1 low hazard to waters 对水的危害低
2 hazard to waters 对水的有危害
3 severe hazard to waters 对水的严重危害
此外,物质可分为对水无害(NWG)或一般认为对水有害(AWG)。
危险类别码
RISK CODES

危险类别码,是用来描述某一物体的危险性。它可以表示出危险类别码,安全注意事项,指示的特殊风险。普遍用于描述化学试剂,危险品。在化学上,用以描述化学试剂的危险性。这些风险短语代码具有以下意思:
Risk Codes is used to describe the danger of an object. It can indicate the danger category code, safety precautions and specific risks indicated. It is widely used to describe chemical reagents and dangerous goods. Chemically, it is used to describe the danger of chemical reagents. . These risk phrase codes have the following meanings:

1
Explosive when dry.
干燥时有爆炸性;
2
Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition.
受冲击、摩擦、着火或其他引燃源有爆炸危险;
3
Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition.
受冲击、摩擦、着火或其他引燃源有极高爆炸危险;
4
Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds.
生成极敏感的爆炸性金属化合物;
5
Heating may cause an explosion.
受热可能引起爆炸;
6
Explosive with or without contact with air.
与空气或未与空气接触发生爆炸;
7
May cause fire.
可能引起火灾;
8
Contact with combustible material may cause fire.
与可燃物料接触可能引起火灾;
9
Explosive when mixed with combustible material.
与可燃物料混合时发生爆炸;
10
Flammable.
易燃的;
11
Highly flammable.
高度易燃的;
12
Extremely flammable.
极易燃的;
14
Reacts violently with water.
与水猛烈反应;
14/15
Reacts violently with water, liberating highly flammable gases.
与水猛烈反应,释放出极易燃气体;
15
Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases.
与水接触释放出极易燃气体;
15/29
Contact with water liberates toxic, highly flammable gas.
与水接触释放出有毒的,极易燃气体;
16
Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances.
与氧化性物质混合时发生爆炸;
17
Spontaneously flammable in air.
在空气中易自燃;
18
In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture.
使用中可能形成易燃/爆炸性蒸气空气混合物;
19
May form explosive peroxides.
可能生成爆炸性过氧化物;
20
Harmful by inhalation.
吸入有害;
20/21
Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin.
吸入和与皮肤接触是有害的;
20/21/22
Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食是有害的;
20/22
Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
吸入和吞食是有害的;
21
Harmful in contact with skin.
与皮肤接触是有害的;
21/22
Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.
与皮肤接触和吞食是有毒的;
22
Harmful if swallowed.
吞食是有害的;
23
Toxic by inhalation.
吸入有害;
23/24
Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin.
吸入和与皮肤接触是有毒的;
23/24/25
Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食是有毒的;
23/25
Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.
吸入和吞食是有毒的;
24
Toxic in contact with skin.
与皮肤接触有毒;
24/25
Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed.
与皮肤接触和吞食是有毒的;
25
Toxic if swallowed.
吞食有毒;
26
Very toxic by inhalation.
吸入有极高毒性;
26/27
Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin.
吸入和与皮肤接触有极高毒性;
26/27/28
Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食有极高毒性;
26/28
Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.
吸入和吞食有极高毒性;
27
Very toxic in contact with skin.
与皮肤接触有极高毒性;
27/28
Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed.
与皮肤接触和吞食有极高毒性;
28
Very toxic if swallowed.
吞食有极高毒性;
29
Contact with water liberates toxic gas.
与水接触释放出有毒气体;
30
Can become highly flammable in use.
使用会变为高度易燃的;
31
Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.
与酸接触释放出有毒气体;
32
Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas.
与酸接触释放出极高毒性气体;
33
Danger of cumulative effects.
有累积作用危险;
34
Causes burns.
引起灼伤;
35
Causes severe burns.
引起严重灼伤;
36
Irritating to eyes.
刺激眼睛;
36/37
Irritating to eyes and respiratory system.
刺激眼睛和呼吸系统;
36/37/38
Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
刺激眼睛、呼吸系统和皮肤;
36/38
Irritating to eyes and skin.
刺激眼睛和皮肤;
37
Irritating to respiratory system.
刺激呼吸系统;
37/38
Irritating to respiratory system and skin.
刺激呼吸系统和皮肤;
38
Irritating to skin.
刺激皮肤;
39
Danger of very serious irreversible effects.
有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/23
Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation.
有毒的:经吸入有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/23/24
Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin.
有毒的:经吸入和与皮肤接触有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/23/24/25
Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
有毒的:经吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/23/25
Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed.
有毒的:经吸入和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/24
Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin.
有毒的:与皮肤接触有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/24/25
Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed.
有毒的:与皮肤接触和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/25
Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed.
有毒的:吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/26
Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation.
极高毒性:经吸入有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/26/27
Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin.
极高毒性:经吸入和与皮肤接触有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/26/27/28
Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
极高毒性:经吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/26/28
Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed.
极高毒性:经吸入和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/27
Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin.
极高毒性:与皮肤接触有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/27/28
Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed.
极高毒性:与皮肤接触和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
39/28
Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed.
极高毒性:吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
40
Possible risks of irreversible effects.
可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/20
Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation.
有害的:经吸入可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/20/21
Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin.
有害的:经吸入和与皮肤接触可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/20/21/22
Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
有害的:经吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/20/22
Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed.
有害的:经吸入和吞食可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/21
Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin.
有害的:与皮肤接触可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/21/22
Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed.
有害的:与皮肤接触和吞食可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/22
Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed
有害的:吞食可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R41
Risk of serious damage to eyes.
对眼睛有严重损害的风险;
R42
May cause sensitization by inhalation.
吸入可能引起过敏;
R42/43
May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.
吸入和皮肤接触可能引起过敏;
R43
May cause sensitization by skin contact.
皮肤接触可能引起过敏;
R44
Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.
在封闭情况下加热有爆炸危险;
R45
May cause cancer.
可能致癌;
R46
May cause heritable genetic damage.
可能造成不可逆的遗传损害
R47
May cause birth defects.
可能引起出生缺陷;
R48
Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure.
长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/20
Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation.
有害的:经吸入长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/20/21
Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin.
有害的:经吸入和与皮肤长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/20/21/22
Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inh.,in contact with skin and if swallowed
有害的:经吸入、皮肤和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/20/22
Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed.
有害的:经吸入和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/21
Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin.
有害的:经皮肤长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/21/22
Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed.
有害的:经皮肤和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/22
Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed.
有害的:吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/23
Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation.
有毒的:经吸入长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/23/24
Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin.
有毒的:经吸入和与皮肤长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/23/24/25
Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inh.,in contact with skin and if swallowed
有毒的:经吸入、皮肤和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/23/25
Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed.
有毒的:经吸入和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/24
Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin.
有毒的:经皮肤长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/24/25
Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed.
有毒的:经皮肤和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/25
Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed.
有毒的:吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R49
May cause cancer by inhalation.
吸入可能致癌;
R50
Very toxic to aquatic organisms.
对水生生物有极高毒性;
R50/53
Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
对水生生物有极高毒性,可能在水生环境中造成长期不利影响;
R51
Toxic to aquatic organisms.
对水生生物是有毒的;
R51/53
Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
对水生生物有毒,可能在水生环境中造成长期不利影响;
R52
Harmful to aquatic organisms.
对水生生物是有害的;
R52/53
Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
对水生生物有害,可能在水生环境中造成长期不利影响;
R53
May cause long-term adverse effects in aquatic environment.
可能在水生环境中造成长期不利影响;
R54
Toxic to flora.
对植物群有毒;
R55
Toxic to fauna.
对动物群有毒;
R56
Toxic to soil organisms.
对土壤中生物有毒;
R57
Toxic to bees.
对蜜蜂有毒;
R58
May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment.
可能在环境中造成长期不利影响;
R59
Dangerous for the ozon layer.
对臭氧层有危害;
R60
May impair fertility.
可能损伤生育力;
R61
May cause harm to the unborn child.
可能对未出生婴儿造成危害;
R62
Possible risk of impaired fertility.
可能有损伤生育力的危险;
R63
Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.
可能有损害未出生婴儿的危险;
R64
May cause harm to breastfed babies.
可能对哺乳婴儿造成危害;
R65
Harmfull may cause lung damage if swallowed
如果吞下了可能导致肺损伤
安全代码
SECURITY CODES

EC 安全代码在世界许多国家的化学品数据资料里面被普遍使用。这些代码意义如下:

S1 保持封闭。
S2 存放在儿童接触不到的地方。
S3 存放在凉爽的地方。
S4 存放在远离居住区的地方。
S5 保存在...中(一种液体的名称)。
S6 保存在...气氛下(一种惰性气体的名字)。
S7 保持容器紧密封闭。
S8 保持容器干燥。
S9 保持容器在一个有良好通风放的场所。
S12 不要将容器封死。
S13 远离食品、饮料和动物饲料。
S14 远离 ... (列出不相容的物质)。
S15 远离热源。
S16 远离火源。
S17 远离可燃物质。
S18 搬运及打开容器时要当心。
S20 使用时,不得同时饮食。
S21 使用时不得吸烟。
S22 不要吸入粉尘。
S23 不要吸入蒸汽。
S24 避免接触皮肤。
S25 避免接触眼睛。
S26 万一接触眼睛,立即使用大量清水冲洗并送医诊治。
S27 立刻除去所有污染衣物。
S28 接触皮肤之后,立即使用大量皂液洗涤。
S29 不要将残余物倾入排水口。
S30 千万不可将水加入此产品。
S33 采取防护措施防止静电发生。
S35 本物质残余以及它的容器必须用安全方式处置。
S36 穿戴合适的防护服装。
S37 使用合适的防护手套。
S38 在通风不良的场所,佩戴合适的呼吸装置。
S39 佩戴眼 / 面防护装置。
S40 清理被该物质污染的地面和物体,使用(合适的清洁材料名称)。
S41 当发生火灾和 / 或爆炸时,不要吸入烟雾。
S42 灭火时佩戴合适的呼吸装置。
S43 灭火时使用 ...(某种合适的灭火装置名称)。
S45 出现意外或者感到不适,立刻到医生那里寻求帮助(最好带去产品容器标签)。
S46 万一发生不慎吞咽,立刻寻求医生的建议(展示产品容器或者标签)。
S47 保持温度不要超过... 。
S48 用…保持其湿润(一种物质的名称)。
S49 只能保存在原来的容器当中。
S50 不要与...混合。
S51 只能在通风良好的场所使用。
S52 不建议在大面积内部空间使用。
S53 避免暴露——使用前先阅读专门的说明。
S56 在专门指定的废物收集点丢弃该残余物及包装容器。
S57 使用合适容器避免环境被污染。
S59 回收时参考生产商和供应商提供的信息。
S60 本物质残余物和容器必须作为危险废物处理。
S61 避免排放到环境中。参考专门的说明 / 安全数据表。
S62 如果不慎吞咽,不要催吐;立刻找医生诊治并出示产品容器或标签。
S1/2 保持密封,保存在远离儿童的地点。
S24/25 防止皮肤和眼睛接触。
S36/37 穿戴合适的防护服和手套。
S36/37/39 穿戴合适的防护服、手套并使用防护眼镜或者面罩。
S37/39 使用合适的手套和防护眼镜或者面罩。
危险品标志和标识

许多国家要求在产品的容器外观贴上危险性符号标志. 这些符号表示如下:

E E : Explosive 爆炸品 Explosive 爆炸品
O O : Oxidizing agent 氧化剂 Oxidizing agent 氧化剂
F++ F++ : Extremely flammable 极度易燃 Extremely flammable 极度易燃
F+ F+ : Highly flammable 高度易燃品 Highly flammable 高度易燃品
F F : Flammable 易燃品 Flammable 易燃品
T+ T+ : Very toxic 剧毒品 Very toxic 剧毒品
T T : Toxic 有毒 Toxic 有毒
Xn Xn : Harmful 有害 Harmful 有害
Xi Xi : Irritant 刺激物 Irritant 刺激物
C C : Corrosive 腐蚀品 Corrosive 腐蚀品
N N : Dangerous for the environment 对环境有害 Dangerous for the environment 对环境有害
象形符号和危险品标志
PICTOGRAMS AND HAZARD CODES

目前欧盟系统相比最明显的变化是象形图(原名:危险符号) 虽然大多数的GHS象形
Compared to the current EU system the most noticeable change are the pictograms (formerly: hazard symbols).

备注:虽然大多数GHS象形符号与旧系统中的相同,但是象形符号GHS 04, GHS 07 and GHS 08 是全新的。 GHS制度是建立在16个物理,10个健康和3个环境危险种类以及包括以下的通讯元素之上的:
Note: While the most of the GHS pictograms have an equivalent in the old system, the pictograms GHS 04, GHS 07 and GHS 08 are completely new. The GHS System is built on 16 physical, 10 health and 3 environmental hazard classes and comprises the following communication elements:

描述(Description) 象形符号(Pictogram) 危险种类和危险类别 Hazard class and hazard category
GHS01
引爆的炸弹
(Exploding Bomb)
GHS01引爆的炸弹(Exploding Bomb) 不稳定的炸药 Unstable explosives
炸药类别1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4 Explosives of Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4
自反应物质和混合物,类别A、B Self reactive substances and mixtures, Types A,B
有机过氧化物,类别A、B Organic peroxides, Types A,B
GHS02
火焰
(Flame)
GHS02火焰(Flame) 易燃气体类别1 Flammable gases, category 1
易燃气溶胶,第1,2类 Flammable aerosols, categories 1,2
易燃液体,类别1,2,3 Flammable liquids, categories 1,2,3
易燃固体,类别1,2 Flammable solids, categories 1,2
自反应物质和混合物,类型B,C,D,E,F Self-reactive substances and mixtures, Types B,C,D,E,F
自燃液体类别1 Pyrophoric liquids, category 1
自燃固体类别1 Pyrophoric solids, category 1
自我放热物质和混合物,categories 1,2 Self-heating substances and mixtures,
与水接触的物质和混合物,放出易燃气体类别1,2,3 Substances and mixtures, which in contact with water, emit flammable gases, categories 1,2,3
有机过氧化物,类别B,C,D,E,F Organic peroxides, Types B,C,D,E,F
GHS03
火焰包围圆环
(Flame Over Circle)
GHS03火焰包围圆环(Flame Over Circle) 氧化性气体,1类 Oxidizing gases, category 1
氧化性液体,类别1,2,3 Oxidizing liquids, categories 1,2,3
GHS04
气体钢筒
(Gas Cylinder)
GHS04气体钢筒(Gas Cylinder) 压力下的气体: Gases under pressure:
压缩气体 Compressed gases
液化气 Liquefied gases
冷冻液化气体 Refrigerated Liquefied gases
溶解气体 Dissolved gases
GHS05
腐蚀
(Corrosion)
GHS05腐蚀(Corrosion) 腐蚀金属,类别1 Corrosive to metals, category 1
腐蚀皮肤,类别1A,1B,1C Skin corrosion, categories 1A,1B,1C
严重眼损伤,类别1 Serious eye damage, category 1
GHS06
骷髅旗
(Skull and Crossbones)
GHS06骷髅旗(Skull and Crossbones) 急性毒性(口服,皮肤接触,吸入),类别1,2,3 Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), categories 1,2,3
GHS07
感叹号
(Exclamation Mark)
GHS07感叹号(Exclamation Mark) 急性毒性(口服,皮肤接触,吸入),类别4 Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), category 4
皮肤刺激,类别2 Skin irritation, category 2
眼刺激,类别2 Eye irritation, category 2
皮肤过敏,类别1 Skin sensitisation, category 1
特定目标器官毒性 -一次接触,类别3 Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Single exposure, category 3
GHS08
健康危害
(Health Hazard)
GHS08健康危害(Health Hazard) 呼吸道过敏,类别1 Respiratory sensitization, category 1
生殖细胞突变,类别1A,1B,2 Germ cell mutagenicity, categories 1A,1B,2
致癌性,类别1A,1B,2 Carcinogenicity, categories 1A,1B,2
生殖毒性,类别1A,1B,2 Reproductive toxicity, categories 1A,1B,2
特定目标器官毒性 – 一次接触,类别1,2 Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Single exposure, categories 1,2
特定目标器官毒性 - 反复接触,第1,2类 Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Repeated exposure, categories 1,2
吸入危险,类别1 Aspiration Hazard, category 1
GHS09
环境
(Environment)
GHS09环境(Environment) 对水环境的危害 Hazardous to the aquatic environment
急性危害,类别1 Acute hazard, category1
慢性危害,类别1,2 Chronic hazard, categories 1,2